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Neural Modeling of Square Surface Aerators

Rao, Achanta Ramakrishna and Kumar, Bimlesh (2007) Neural Modeling of Square Surface Aerators. In: Journal of Environmental Engineering, 133 (4). pp. 411-418.

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Abstract

Applications of artificial neural networks in the field of aeration phenomena in surface aerators, which are not geometrically similar, are explored to predict reaeration rates under varying dynamic as well as geometric conditions. The primary network for prediction is a feed forward network with nonlinear elements. The network consists of an input layer, an output layer, a hidden layer, and the nonlinear transfer function in each processing element. The network requires supervised learning and the learning algorithm is the back-propagation. As back-propagation learning is affected by local minima, and to get over this aspect various other modifications have been suggested like Levenberg-Marquardt, quasi-Newton, conjugate-gradient, etc. The present study suggests that the Levenberg-Marquardt modification is a very efficient algorithm in comparison with others like quasi-Newton and conjugate-gradient. In the situations when the dimension of the input vector is large, and highly correlated, it is useful to reduce the dimension of the input vectors. An effective procedure for performing this operation is principal component analysis. The best prediction performance is achieved when the data are preprocessed using principal components analysis before they are fed to a back-propagated neural network, but at the cost of losing the physical significance of experimental data. The model thus developed can be used to predict the reaeration rate for different sizes of geometric elements (like rotor diameter, sizes of rotor, aerators’ geometry, water depth, etc). under various dynamic conditions, i.e., the speed of the rotor.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Society of Civil Engineers.
Keywords: Aeration;Parameters;Neural networks;Wastewater management
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2008
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:36
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/10455

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