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Bio-modulation of galena and sphalerite surfaces using Thiobacillus thiooxidans

Santhiya, D and Subramanian, S and Natarajan, KA and Rao, Hanumantha K and Forssberg, KSE (2001) Bio-modulation of galena and sphalerite surfaces using Thiobacillus thiooxidans. In: International Journal of Mineral Processing, 62 (1-4). pp. 121-141.

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Abstract

The interaction of Thiobacillus thiooxidans (T. thiooxidans) with sphalerite and galena has been investigated through adsorption, electrokinetic, and flotation studies. The amount of T. thiooxidans cells adsorbed onto galena and sphalerite is found to be almost independent of pH. However, a greater amount of cells is adsorbed onto galena compared to sphalerite. The adsorption isotherms of T. thiooxidans onto both galena and sphalerite exhibit Langmuirian behaviour. Electrokinetic measurements reveal that the isoelectric points (iep) of galena and sphalerite are located around pH 2, while that of T. thiooxidans is around pH 3. The isoelectric points of the minerals are shifted to higher pH values after interaction, consequent to bacterial cell attachment, indicating specific adsorption. Additionally, the electrophoretic mobilities are found to become less negative as a function of time after bacterial interaction. Such a trend is also followed in the case of the cells after interaction with the minerals for different time intervals. On a comparative basis, the cells after interaction with sphalerite are less negative vis-a-vis those after interaction with galena. The flotation recovery of sphalerite, beyond 1 h of interaction with T. thiooxidans cells is not affected but galena is totally depressed in the presence of T. thiooxidans cells, in the pH range 5–11. The differential flotation tests on a synthetic mixture of galena and sphalerite reveal that sphalerite can be selectively floated from galena in the presence of T. thiooxidans.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Galena;Sphalerite;T.thiooxidans;Electrokinetics;Adsorption; Flotation
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/10591

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