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Kinetics of Degradation of Polycarbonate in Supercritical and Subcritical Benzene

Sivalingam, G and Madras, Giridhar (2002) Kinetics of Degradation of Polycarbonate in Supercritical and Subcritical Benzene. In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 41 (22). pp. 5337-5340.

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Abstract

The degradation kinetics of polycarbonate (Poly (bisphenol A carbonate)) in supercritical and subcritical benzene was studied at various temperatures (523-618 K) at 50 atm. The degradation was also investigated in other solvents at 573 K and 50 atm. The time evolution of molecular weight distribution (MWD) was obtained by gel permeation chromatography and modeled with continuous distribution kinetics to obtain the degradation rate coefficients. The activation energy, determined from the temperature dependence of the rate coefficient, increased from 16.7 kcal/mol to 20.4 kcal/mol from the sub-critical to supercritical region of solvent. The degradation rate coefficients at the supercritical conditions were an order higher than the rate coefficients at subcritical conditions, indicating enhanced degradation at supercritical conditions. The Arrhenius plot showed a break at the supercritical transition point whereas the semi-logarithmic plot of rate coefficients with density of the reaction mixture showed a continuous linear variation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Keywords: Supercritical fluids;Polycarbonate;Enhanced Rates;Continuous Distribution Kinetics;Rate coefficients
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 28 May 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:12
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/106

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