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Scaling exponents in spin-$^{(1/2)}$ Heisenberg chains with dimerization and frustration studied with the density-matrix renormalization group

Kumar, Manoranjan and Ramasesha, S and Sen, Diptiman and Soos, ZG (2007) Scaling exponents in spin-$^{(1/2)}$ Heisenberg chains with dimerization and frustration studied with the density-matrix renormalization group. In: Physical Review B, 75 (5). 052404:1-4.

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Abstract

In conformal field theory, key properties of spin-$^{(1/2)}$ chains, such as the ground state energy per site and the excitation gap, scale with dimerization \delta as $\delta ^\alpha$ with known exponents \alpha and logarithmic corrections. The logarithmic corrections vanish in a spin chain with nearest (J=1) and next-nearest-neighbor interactions $(J_2)$, for $J_{2c}=0.2411$. Density-matrix renormalization group analysis of a frustrated spin chain with no logarithmic corrections yields the field theoretic values of \alpha, and the scaling relation is valid up to the physically realized range, \delta \sim0.1. However, chains with logarithmic corrections $(J_2<0.2411 J)$ are more accurately fit by simple power laws with different exponents for physically realized dimerizations. We show the exponents decreasing from approximately 3/4 to 2/3 for the spin gap and from approximately 3/2 to 4/3 for the energy per site, and error bars in the exponent also decrease as $J_2$ approaches to $J_{2c}$.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to the American Physical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for High Energy Physics
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/10605

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