Lekshmi, Chaitanya I and Gayen, Arup and Prasad, V and Subramanyam, SV and Hegde, MS (2002) Structure and electrical properties of sodium tungsten bronzes thin films. In: Materials Research Bulletin, 37 (11). pp. 1815-1823.
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Highly oriented thin films of $Na_xWO_3 (x=0.25–0.7)$ are grown on sapphire (1 1 0 2) and $SrTiO_3$ (1 0 0) substrates by pulsed laser deposition. The colour of the films changes from blue through red to bronze yellow on varying the sodium content. The films are composed of particles less than 100 nm size. As in bulk $Na_xWO_3$, the resistivity is found to decrease on increasing the sodium content, and at around x=0.25, a non-metal to metal transition is clearly observed. The conductivity measurement of $Na_0_._2_5WO_3$ shows a crossover from temperature-activated Arrhenius behaviour at high temperatures to a variable range hopping mechanism near 70 K. The metallic samples show linear dependence of resistivity above 50 K. XPS studies confirm the presence of sodium in +1 and tungsten in +5 and +6 oxidation states.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
|Date Deposited:||23 Jun 2007|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 04:38|
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