Ramakrishnan, TV (1990) Theory of freezing. In: Seventh International Conference on Liquid and Amorphous Metals: LAM 7, 4-8 Sept. 1989, Kyoto, Japan, pp. 852-861.
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It is argued that the liquid-solid transition is best studied with the liquid as the starting point. The density functional theory of freezing, due to Youssouff and the author is introduced; very simple calculations leading to BCC and FCC phases are presented. Improvements in the density functional and in numerical approximations are discussed. A few applications of possible special interest here, namely melting laws, the glassy state, low melting point metals, and phonon spectra from liquid structure factor, are outlined. The relative stability of cubic phases is analyzed in some detail. Applications to martensitic and other structural transitions, as well as to structures in systems with anisotropic building blocks, are mentioned. Two ideas, both emphasizing intermediate range spatial order in dense liquids, pervade this talk:- the importance of the form of structural correlation functions (e.g. S(q)) and the need for thinking in Fourier space rather than real space.
|Item Type:||Conference Paper|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science Publishers B.V.|
|Keywords:||density functional theory;freezing;glass transition (glasses);liquid structure;martensitic transformations;melting;metals;vibrational states in disordered systems|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics|
|Date Deposited:||24 Jan 2008|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 04:38|
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