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Cavitation noise studies on marine propellers

Sharma, SD and Mani, K and Arakeri, VH (1990) Cavitation noise studies on marine propellers. In: Journal of Sound and Vibration, 138 (2). pp. 255-283.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-460X(90)90542-8

Abstract

Experimental observations are described of cavitation inception and noise from five model propellers, three basic and two modified, tested in the open jet test section of the Indian Institute of Science high-speed water tunnel facility. Extensive experiments on the three basic propellers of different design, which included visualization of cavitation and measurements of noise, showed that the dominant type of cavitation was in the form of tip vortex cavitation, accompanied by leading edge suction side sheet cavitation in its close vicinity, and the resultant noise depended on parameters such as the advance coefficient, the cavitation number, and the propeller geometry. Of these, advance coefficient was found to have the maximum influence not only on cavitation noise but also on the inception of cavitation. Noise levels and frequencies of spectra obtained from all the three basic propellers at conditions near inception and different advance coefficient values, when plotted in the normalized form as suggested by Blake, resulted in a universal spectrum which would be useful for predicting cavitation noise at prototype scales when a limited extent of cavitation is expected in the same form as observed on the present models. In an attempt to delay the onset of tip vortex cavitation, the blades of two of the three basic propellers were modified by drilling small holes in the tip and leading edge areas. Studies on the modified propellers showed that the effectiveness of the blade modification was apparently stronger at low advance coefficient values and depended on the blade sectional profile. Measurements of cavitation noise indicated that the modification also improved the acoustic performance of the propellers as it resulted in a complete attenuation of the low-frequency spectral peaks, which were prominent with the basic propellers. In addition to the above studies, which were conducted under uniform flow conditions,one of the basic propellers was tested in the simulated wake of a typical single screw ship. The wake was simulated by using a wire screen technique. Observations of cavitation and measurement of noise clearly showed that the presence of the wake had a strong influence on the propeller cavitation and noise performance. Cavitation was found to be of the cloud type, which generated very intense noise compared to that generated by tip vortex cavitation along with leading edge suction side sheet cavitation in the uniform flow conditions. The noise spectra obtained with wake simulation also are presented in a normalized form to be of general utility.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2007
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2012 09:35
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/11304

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