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Structural investigations of sodium diborate glasses containing PbO, $Bi_2O_3$ and $TeO_2$: Elastic property measurements and spectroscopic studies

Gowda, Veeranna VC and Reddy, Narayana C and Radha, KC and Anavekar, RV and Etourneau, J and Rao, KJ (2007) Structural investigations of sodium diborate glasses containing PbO, $Bi_2O_3$ and $TeO_2$: Elastic property measurements and spectroscopic studies. In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 353 (11-12). pp. 1150-1163.

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Abstract

Pseudo-binary sodium borate glasses containing (1 − y)Na2B4O7–yMaOb (where MaOb = PbO, Bi2O3 and TeO2) (y = 0.25, 0.5, 0.67 and 0.79) have been investigated. Sound velocities (longitudinal and shear) have been measured at 10 MHz frequency using quartz transducers. Density increases with increase of y and the molar volume decreases. Sound velocities also decrease with increasing y till y ≈ 0.66 above which it increases slightly. Steeper decrease in velocities has been observed in TeO2 containing glasses. Elastic moduli, Poisson’s ratio and Debye temperature have been calculated. Glass transition temperatures have also been determined and it decreases with increase of y. Tg also exhibits a dependence on the cationic charge in MaOb. Infrared spectra of the glasses reveal that the strong network consisting of diborate units is affected only by PbO and only very marginally by Bi2O3 and TeO2. Only glasses with high concentrations of Bi2O3 and TeO2 reveal the presence of mixed bridges such as Bi–O–B and Te–O–B. Consistent with the IR spectral observations, the N4 values of 11B MAS-NMR remain close to the ideal value of 0.5 of the diborate composition in most of the glasses. A structural model based on the observation that the diborate network is unaffected by Bi2O3 and TeO2 where as PbO opens up and breaks the diborate units is shown to be consistent with all of the experimental observations including mechanical properties.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Mechanical properties;Oxide glasses;Borates
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2007
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2010 04:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/11541

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