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High rates of CO and hydrocarbon oxidation and NO reduction by CO over $Ti_{0.99}Pd_{0.01}O_{1.99}$

Roy, Sounak and Marimuthu, A and Hegde, MS and Madras, Giridhar (2007) High rates of CO and hydrocarbon oxidation and NO reduction by CO over $Ti_{0.99}Pd_{0.01}O_{1.99}$. In: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 73 (3-4). 300 -310.

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Abstract

This study aims at synthesizing a new by substituting 1 atom% $Pd^2^+$ in ionic state in $TiO_2$ in the form of $Ti_{0.99}Pd_{0.01}O_{1.99}$ with oxide-ion vacancy. The catalyst was synthesized by solution combustion method and was characterized by XRD and XPS. The catalytic activity was investigated by performing CO oxidation, hydrocarbon oxidation and NO reduction. A reaction mechanism for CO oxidation by $O_2$ and NO reduction by CO was proposed. The model based on CO adsorption on $Pd^{2+}$ and dissociative chemisorption of $O_2$ in the oxide-ion vacancy for CO oxidation reaction fitted the experimental for CO oxidation. For NO reduction in presence of CO, the model based on competitive adsorption of NO and CO on $Pd^{2+}$, NO chemisorption and dissociation on oxide-ion vacancy fitted the experimental data. The rate parameters obtained from the model indicated that the reactions were much faster over this catalyst compared to other catalysts reported in the literature. The selectivity of $N_2$, defined as the ratio of the formation of $N_2$ and formation of $N_2$ and $N_2O$, was very high compared to other catalysts and 100% selectivity was reached at temperature of $350 ^oC$ and above. As the $N_2O + CO$ reaction is an intermediate reaction for NO + CO reaction, it was also studied as an isolated reaction and the rate of the isolated reaction was less than that of intermediate reaction.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Ionic substitution;CO and hydrocarbon oxidation;CO + NO reaction;CO + N2O reaction;Kinetic models
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:39
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/11727

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