Rao, Madhusudhana G and Narasimham, GSVL (2007) Laminar conjugate mixed convection in a vertical channel with heat generating components. In: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 50 (17-18). pp. 3561-3574.
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Conjugate mixed convection arising from protruding heat generating ribs attached to substrates (printed circuit boards) forming channel walls is numerically studied. The substrates with ribs form a series of vertical parallel plate channels. Assuming identical disposition and heat generation of the ribs on each board, a channel with periodic boundary conditions in the transverse direction is considered for analysis. The governing equations are discretised using a control volume approach on a staggered mesh and a pressure correction method is employed for the pressure–velocity coupling. The solid regions are considered as fluid regions with infinite viscosity and the thermal coupling between the solid and fluid regions is taken into account by the harmonic thermal conductivity method. Parametric studies are performed by varying the heat generation based Grashof number in the range $10^4-10^7$ and the fan velocity based Reynolds number in the range 0–1500, with air as the working medium. Results are obtained for the velocity and temperature distributions, natural convection induced mass flow rate through the channel, the maximum temperatures in the heat sources and the local Nusselt numbers. The natural convection induced mass flow rate in mixed convection is correlated in terms of the Grashof and Reynolds numbers. In pure natural convection the induced mass flow rate varies as 0.44 power of Grashof number. The maximum dimensionless temperature is correlated in terms of pure natural convection and forced convection inlet velocity asymptotes. For the parameter values considered, the heat transferred to the working fluid via substrate heat conduction is found to account for 41–47% of the heat removal from the ribs.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.|
|Keywords:||Natural;Forced;Mixed;Convection;Vertical;Channel;Conjugate; Protruding;Heat source|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering|
|Date Deposited:||07 Sep 2007|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 04:39|
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