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Use of Ionic Liquids in the Synthesis of Nanocrystals and Nanorods of Semiconducting Metal Chalcogenides

Biswas, Kanishka and Rao, CNR (2007) Use of Ionic Liquids in the Synthesis of Nanocrystals and Nanorods of Semiconducting Metal Chalcogenides. In: Chemistry-A European journal, 13 (21). pp. 6123-6129.

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Abstract

We have synthesized nanoparticles of hexagonal CdS in the diameter range 3–13 nm by the reaction of cadmium acetate dihydrate with thioacetamide in imidazolium [BMIM]- based ionic liquids. We have obtained three different particle sizes of CdS by changing the anion of the ionic liquid. Addition of trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) to the reaction mixture causes greater monodispersity as well as smaller particle size, while addition of ethylenediamine produces nanorods of 7 nm average diameter. Hexagonal ZnS and cubic PbS nanoparticles with average diameters of 3 and 10 nm, respectively, have been prepared by the reaction of the metal acetates with thioacetamide in [BMIM]$[BF_4]$. Hexagonal CdSe nanoparticles with an average diameter 12 nm were obtained by the reaction of cadmium acetate dihydrate with dimethylselenourea in [BMIM]- $[BF_4]$. In this case also we observe the same effect of the addition of TOPO as in the case of CdS. Addition of ethylenediamine to the reaction mixture gives rise to nanorods. ZnSe nanowires with a cubic structures, possible diameters in the range 70–100 nm by the reaction of zinc acetate dihydrate with dimethylselenourea in [BMIM]- $[MeSO_4]$. The nanostructures obtained are single crystalline in all the cases. Most of the nanostructures show characteristic UV/Vis absorption and photoluminescence emission spectra. The thermodynamically most stable structures are generally produced in the synthesis carried out in ionic liquids.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Wiley.
Keywords: Ionic liquids;Metal chalcogenides;Nanocrystals;Nanorods;Nanostructures
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:39
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/11822

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