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Immune responses in goats to recombinant hemagglutinin-neuraminidase glycoprotein of Peste des petits ruminants virus: identification of a T cell determinant

Sinnathamby, G and Renukaradhya, GJ and Rajasekhar, M and Nayak, R and Shaila, MS (2001) Immune responses in goats to recombinant hemagglutinin-neuraminidase glycoprotein of Peste des petits ruminants virus: identification of a T cell determinant. In: Vaccine, 19 (32). pp. 4816-4823.

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Abstract

Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV), a member of the genus Morbillivirus within the family Paramyxoviridae, causes a fatal disease ‘peste des petits ruminants’ in goats and sheep. This enveloped virus is antigenically closely related to rinderpest virus (RPV), which causes a similar but distinct disease in large ruminants. PPRV harbors two major surface glycoproteins, the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) and the fusion (F) proteins. The surface glycoproteins of morbilliviruses are highly immunogenic and confer protective immunity. In this study, we investigated the immune responses generated in goats immunized with low doses of purified recombinant extracellular baculovirus carrying a membrane bound form of the HN protein of PPRV without any adjuvant. We report that the immunized goats develop both humoral and cell-mediated immune responses. Antibodies generated in the immunized animals could neutralize both PPRV and RPV in vitro. Further, using a combination of Escherichia coli expressed deletion mutants of PPRV-HN and RPV-H proteins, and synthetic peptides corresponding to the highly conserved N-terminal sequences of MV-H protein, we have mapped an N-terminal T cell determinant (amino acids 123–137) and a C-terminal domain (amino acids 242–609) harboring potential T cell determinant(s) in goats.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Peste des petits ruminants;Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase;Immune responses
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:39
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/11972

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