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A change in reaction specificity of sheep liver serine hydroxymethyltransferase

Talwar, Rashmi and Rao, Appaji N and Savithri, HS (2000) A change in reaction specificity of sheep liver serine hydroxymethyltransferase. In: European Journal of Biochemistry, 267 (4). pp. 929-934.

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Abstract

Both serine hydroxymethyltransferase and aspartate aminotransferase belong to the $\alpha$-class of pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (pyridoxalP)-dependent enzymes but exhibit different reaction and substrate specificities. A comparison of the X-ray structure of these two enzymes reveals that their active sites are nearly superimposable. In an attempt to change the reaction specificity of serine hydroxymethyltransferase to a transaminase, His 230 was mutated to Tyr which is the equivalent residue in aspartate aminotransferase. Surprisingly, the H230Y mutant was found to catalyze oxidation of NADH in an enzyme concentration dependent manner instead of utilizing l-aspartate as a substrate. The NADH oxidation could be linked to oxygen consumption or reduction of nitrobluetetrazolium. The reaction was inhibited by radical scavengers like superoxide dismutase and d-mannitol. The $K_m$ and $k_{cat}$ values for the reaction of the enzyme with NADH were 74 $\mu$m and $5.2 \times 10^{-3} s^{-1}$, respectively. This oxidation was not observed with either the wild type serine hydroxymethyltransferase or H230A, H230F or H230N mutants. Thus, mutation of H230 of sheep liver serine hydroxymethyltransferase to Tyr leads to induction of an NADH oxidation activity implying that tyrosyl radicals may be mediating the reaction.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to FEBS
Keywords: Bioenergetics;Biochemistry;Molecular-Biophysics;Enzymology;Biochemistry;Molecular Biophysics
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:39
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/12005

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