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Structure of Plasmodium falciparum Triose-phosphate Isomerase-2-Phosphoglycerate Complex at 1.1-Å Resolution

Parthasarathy, Sampathkumar and Eaazhisai, Kandiah and Balaram, Hemalatha and Balaram, Padmanabhan and Murthy, Mathur RN (2003) Structure of Plasmodium falciparum Triose-phosphate Isomerase-2-Phosphoglycerate Complex at 1.1-Å Resolution. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 278 (52). pp. 52461-52470.

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Abstract

Triose-phosphate isomerase, a key enzyme of the glycolytic pathway, catalyzes the isomerization of dihydroxy acetone phosphate and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. In this communication we report the crystal structure of Plasmodium falciparum triose-phosphate isomerase complexed to the inhibitor 2-phosphoglycerate at 1.1-Å resolution. The crystallographic asymmetric unit contains a dimeric molecule. The inhibitor bound to one of the subunits in which the flexible catalytic loop 6 is in the open conformation has been cleaved into two fragments presumably due to radiation damage. The cleavage products have been tentatively identified as 2-oxoglycerate and meta-phosphate. The intact 2-phosphoglycerate bound to the active site of the other subunit has been observed in two different orientations. The active site loop in this subunit is in both open and "closed" conformations, although the open form is predominant. Concomitant with the loop closure, Phe-96, Leu-167, and residues 208–211 (YGGS) are also observed in dual conformations in the B-subunit. Detailed comparison of the active-site geometry in the present case to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae triose-phosphate isomerase- dihydroxy acetone phosphate and Leishmania mexicana triose-phosphate isomerase-phosphoglycolate complexes, which have also been determined at atomic resolution, shows that certain interactions are common to the three structures, although 2-phosphoglycerate is neither a substrate nor a transition state analogue.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2004
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:14
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/1205

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