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Analysis of host specificity of two closely related baculoviruses in permissive and nonpermissive cell lines

Rahman, Md. Masmudur and Gopinathan, Karumathil P (2003) Analysis of host specificity of two closely related baculoviruses in permissive and nonpermissive cell lines. In: Virus Research, 93 (1). pp. 13-23.

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Abstract

The baculoviruses Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) and Autographa californica multinucleocapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) share about 90% identity at the genomic level but they have non-overlapping host range and show a high degree of host specificity. We have demonstrated here that AcMNPV undergoes DNA replication and early gene expression in Bombyx-derived BmN cells but fails to show very late gene expression or produce budded virion (BV) particles. Coinfection with BmNPV supported BV production from AcMNPV in BmN cells at low levels but not very late gene expression or polyhedral inclusion body formation. BV production and very late gene expression from BmNPV, on the contrary, were adversely affected in coinfections. In Spodoptera frugiperda-derived Sf21 cell lines, BmNPV DNA replication, BV production, and very late gene expression took place only when coinfected with AcMNPV. BmNPV exerted a less profound effect on AcMNPV multiplication and very late gene expression in permissive host cell lines. AcMNPV shuts down cellular and viral protein synthesis completely when infected alone or coinfected with BmNPV in BmN cells, whereas BmNPV infection did not affect cellular and viral protein synthesis in Sf21 cells. Overall, AcMNPV showed a more dominant effect by complementing the multiplication of BmNPV in nonpermissive host cells while inhibiting it in BmN cells.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Baculovirus;AcMNPV;BmNPV;Host range;Virus infection process
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:40
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/12268

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