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Contrasting effects of mutating active site residues, Aspartic acid 64 and Histidine 187 of Escherichia coli uracil-DNA glycosylase on uracil excision and interaction with an inhibitor protein

Handa, Priya and Acharya, Narottam and Talawar, Ramappa K and Roy, Sudipta and Varshney, Umesh (2002) Contrasting effects of mutating active site residues, Aspartic acid 64 and Histidine 187 of Escherichia coli uracil-DNA glycosylase on uracil excision and interaction with an inhibitor protein. In: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 39 (5). pp. 312-317.

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Abstract

Uracil, a promutagenic base, arises in DNA by spontaneous deamination of cytosine or by the malfunctioning of DNA polymerases. To maintain the genomic integrity, cells possess a highly conserved base excision repair enzyme, uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG). UDGs have a notably high turnover number and strict specificity for uracil in DNA. UDGs are inhibited by a small proteinaceous inhibitor, Ugi, which acts as a transition state substrate mimic. Crystal structure studies have identified the residues crucial in catalysis, and in their interaction with Ugi. Here, we report on the mutational analyses of D64 (D64H and D64N) and H187 (H187C, H187L and H187R) in the active site pocket of Escherichia coli UDG. The mutants were compromised in uracil excision by ~200-25,000 fold when compared to the native protein. In contrast, our analysis of the in vivo formed UDG-Ugi complexes on urea gels shows that D64 and H187 contribute minimally to the interaction of the two proteins. Thus, our findings provide further evidence to the primary function of D64 and H187 in catalysis.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2007
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2012 10:22
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/12281

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