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Power law relaxation and glassy dynamics in Lebwohl-Lasher model near the isotropic-nematic phase transition

Chakrabarty, Suman and Chakrabarti, Dwaipayan and Bagchi, Biman (2006) Power law relaxation and glassy dynamics in Lebwohl-Lasher model near the isotropic-nematic phase transition. In: Physical Review E, 73 (6). 061706.

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Official URL: http://pre.aps.org/abstract/PRE/v73/i6/e061706

Abstract

Orientational dynamics in a liquid crystalline system near the isotropic-nematic (IN) phase transition is studied using molecular dynamics simulations of the well-known Lebwohl-Lasher model. As the IN transition temperature is approached from the isotropic side, we find that the decay of the orientational time correlation functions (OTCF) slows down noticeably, giving rise to a power law decay at intermediate time scales. The angular velocity time correlation function also exhibits a rather pronounced power law decay near the IN boundary. In the mean squared angular displacement at comparable time scales, we observe the emergence of a subdiffusive regime which is followed by a superdiffusive regime before the onset of the long-time diffusive behavior. We observe signature of dynamical heterogeneity through pronounced non-Gaussian behavior in orientational motion particularly at lower temperatures. This behavior closely resembles what is usually observed in supercooled liquids. We obtain the free energy as a function of orientational order parameter by the use of the transition matrix Monte Carlo method. The free energy surface is flat for the system considered here and the barrier between isotropic and nematic phases is vanishingly small for this weakly first-order phase transition, hence allowing large scale, collective, and correlated orientational density fluctuations. This might be responsible for the observed power law decay of the OTCFs.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: The copyright belongs to The American Physical Society.
Keywords: Power law relaxation;glassy dynamics;Lebwohl-Lasher model; isotropic-nematic phase transition;liquid crystals;free energy surface;supercooled liquids;Transition Matrix Monte Carlo;umbrella sampling
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2007
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2012 09:01
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/12359

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