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A fuzzy dynamic wave routing model

Gopakumar, R and Mujumdar, PP (2007) A fuzzy dynamic wave routing model. In: Hydrological Processes .

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Abstract

In this paper a fuzzy dynamic wave routing model (FDWRM) for unsteady flow simulation in open channels is presented. The continuity equation of the dynamic wave routing model is preserved in its original form while the momentum equation is replaced by a fuzzy rule based model which is developed on the principle that during unsteady flow the disturbances in the form of discontinuities in the gradient of the physical parameters will propagate along the characteristics with a velocity equal to that of velocity of the shallow water wave. The model gets rid off the assumptions associated with the momentum equation by replacing it with the fuzzy rule based model. It overcomes the necessity of calculating friction slope (Sf) in flow routing and hence the associated uncertainties are eliminated. The robustness of the fuzzy rule based model enables the FDWRM to march the solution even in regions where the aforementioned assumptions are violated. Also the model can be used for flow routing in curved channels. When the model is applied to hypothetical flood routing problems in a river it is observed that the results are comparable to those of an implicit numerical model (INM) which solves the dynamic wave equations using an implicit numerical scheme. The model is also applied to a real case of flow routing in a field canal. The results match well with the measured data and the model performs better than the INM.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: The copyright belongs to Wiley Inter Science. Its an online publication
Keywords: flood routing;dynamic wave;Saint Venant equations;fuzzy sets; fuzzy rules;fuzzy inference systems
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:40
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/12369

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