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Effect of metal salicylates on the ignition and combustion of polystyrene

Kishore, K and Nagarajan, R (1989) Effect of metal salicylates on the ignition and combustion of polystyrene. In: Fire Safety Journal, 15 (5). pp. 391-401.

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Abstract

The effect of transition metal salicylates of Co, Ni, Mn and Fe on the ignition and combustion of polystyrene has been studied. Co and Ni salicylates have four molecules of $H_2O$ as water of crystallization whereas Mn and Fe salicylates have only two $H_2O$ molecules coordinated to the metal ion. Except Fe which exists in 3+ oxidation state, all other salicylates exist in 2+ state. Thermal studies show that the salicylates exist in 2+ state. Thermal studies show that the salicylates undergo a three step decomposition. In the first step loss of the $H_2O$ molecules takes place, in the second step removal of one salicylate occurs and in the third step oxidation of the residue from the second step leads to the formation of oxides. In Fe salicylate, however, the two salicylates are removed in a single step. The case of ignition of polystyrene in the presence of salicylates is explained on the basis of the increase in the rate of its gasification prior to ignition. The sensitization in combustion has been explained by considering the increase in the surface temperature in presence of salicylates, this increase is due to the exothermic decomposition of salicylates on the surface.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd,
Keywords: combustion of polystyrene;metal salicylates
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:41
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/12449

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