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Cr (VI) and Fe (III) removal using Cajanus cajan husk

Ahalya, N and Kanamadi, RD and Ramachandra, TV (2006) Cr (VI) and Fe (III) removal using Cajanus cajan husk. In: Journal of Environmental Biology, 28 (4). pp. 765-769.

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Abstract

Husk of tur dal (Cajanus cajan) was investigated as a new biosorbent for the removal of Fe (III) and Cr (VI) ions from aqueous solutions. Parameters like agitation time, adsorbent dosage and pH were studied at different initial Fe (III) and Cr (VI) concentrations. The biosorptive capacity of the Tur dal husk was dependent on the pH of the chromium and iron solution, with pH 2 and 2.5 respectively being optimal. The adsorption data fit well with Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models. The practical limiting adsorption capacity $(q_{max})$ calculated from the Langmuir isotherm was 96.05 mg of Cr(VI)/g of the biosorbent at an initial pH of 2.0 and 66.65 mg/g at pH 2.5 . The infrared spectra of the biomass revealed that hydroxyl, carboxyl and amide bonds are involved in the uptake of Cr (VI) and Fe (III) ions. Characterisation of tur dal husk has revealed that it is an excellent material for treating wastewaters containing low concentration of metal ions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Triveni Enterprises.
Keywords: Chromium biosorption;Iron biosorption;Agro-wastes;Tur dal husk;Cajanus cajan;
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2007
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2011 07:13
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/12482

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