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DNA cleavage by new oxovanadium(IV) complexes of N-Salicylidene \alpha -amino acids and phenanthroline bases in the photodynamic therapy window

Sasmal, Pijus K and Patra, Ashis K and Nethaji, Munirathinam and Chakravarty, Akhil R (2007) DNA cleavage by new oxovanadium(IV) complexes of N-Salicylidene \alpha -amino acids and phenanthroline bases in the photodynamic therapy window. In: Inorganic Chemistry, 46 (26). 11112 -11121.

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Abstract

Oxovanadium(IV) complexes [VO(salmet)(B)] (1-3) and [VO(saltrp)(B)] (4-6), where salmet and saltrp are N-salicylidene-L-methionate and N-salicylidene-L-tryptophanate, respectively, and B is a N,N-donor heterocyclic base (viz. 1,10-phenanthroline (phen, 1, 4), dipyrido[3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline (dpq, 2, 5), and dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine (dppz, 3, 6)) are prepared and characterized and their DNA binding and photoinduced DNA cleavage activity studied. Complexes 1, 2, and 4 are structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The molecular structure shows the presence of a vanadyl group in the $VO_3N_3$ coordination geometry. The dianionic \alpha -amino acid Schiff base acts as a tridentate O,N,O-donor ligand in a meridional binding mode. The N,N-donor heterocyclic base displays a chelating mode of bonding with a N-donor site trans to the oxo group. The complexes show a d-d band in the range of 680-710 nm in DMF with a shoulder near 840 nm. They exhibit an irreversible oxidative cyclic voltammetric response near 0.8 V assignable to the V(V)/V(IV) couple and a quasi-reversible V(IV)/V(III) redox couple near -1.1 V vs SCE in DMF-0.1 M TBAP. The complexes show good binding propensity to calf thymus DNA giving binding constant values in the range from $5.2 X 10^4$ to $7.2 X 10^5 M^{-1}$. The binding site size, thermal melting, and viscosity data suggest DNA surface and/or groove binding nature of the complexes. The complexes show poor "chemical nuclease" activity in the dark in the presence of 3-mercaptopropionic acid or hydrogen peroxide. The dpq and dppz complexes show efficient DNA cleavage activity on irradiation with UV-A light of 365 nm via a mechanistic pathway involving formation of singlet oxygen as the reactive species. They also show significant DNA cleavage activity on photoexcitation in red light (>750 nm) by $^1O_2$ species. Observation of red-light-induced cleavage of DNA is unprecedented in the vanadium chemistry. The DNA cleavage activity is metal promoted as the ligands or vanadyl sulfate alone are cleavage inactive on photoirradiation at these wavelengths.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to the American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2008
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:42
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/13032

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