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Hydrogeochemical modeling of organo-metallic colloids in the Nsimi experimental watershed, South Cameroon

Sekhar, M and Braun, Jean-Jacques and Rao, Hayagreeva KV and Ruiz, Laurent and Robain, Henri and Viers, Jerome and Ndam, Jules Remy and Dupre, Bernard (2008) Hydrogeochemical modeling of organo-metallic colloids in the Nsimi experimental watershed, South Cameroon. In: Environmental Geology, 54 (4). pp. 831-841.

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Abstract

This paper presents a hydrogeochemical modeling code HYDROS, which combines the multi-component transport model with equilibrium speciation module MINTEQA2. The processes of adsorption, aqueous speciation and mineral precipitation/dissolution are represented in the model. The numerical model uses a sequential iterative approach for solving the solute transport and the equilibrium geochemistry modules. Further the transport part is solved using an operator split approach wherein a finite volume method is used for solving the advective equations while a classical finite difference method is employed for solving the dispersive equations. The model performance is evaluated by comparing it with MINTOX for a literature problem. HYDROS is then applied to the case study of the transfer of transition metals with organic colloids in the swamp groundwater system of the experimental Nsimi watershed, representative of the humid tropical ecosystem of the South Cameroon Plateau. Field observations at the site swamp system suggest that the carbon is mainly transferred as organic colloids (i.e., dissolved organic carbon) produced by the slow biodegradation of the swamp organic matter. Using HYDROS, the behaviour of Al(III) and Fe(III) elements in the base flow system is simulated during inter rain events of a short rainy season (May–June 1996). The elemental time-series for Al, Fe, Cl, pH compare well with the simulation results. The colloids are found to have a strong impact on the mobilization and transfer of Al III) and Fe(III), which are considered to have low mobility in weathering environment.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 05 May 2008
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/13815

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