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Membrane channel forming polypeptides. Molecular conformation and mitochondrial uncoupling activity of antiamoebin,an a-aminoisobutyric acid containing peptide

Das, Manoj K and Raghothama, S and Balaram, P (1986) Membrane channel forming polypeptides. Molecular conformation and mitochondrial uncoupling activity of antiamoebin,an a-aminoisobutyric acid containing peptide. In: Biochemistry, 25 (22). pp. 7110-7117.

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Abstract

The conformations of the 16-residue fungal peptide antiamoebin I were studied in DMSO soln. by 1- and 2-dimensional NMR techniques. A substantial no. of resonances in the 270-MHz 1H NMR spectrum were assigned. Intramolecularly H-bonded (solvent inaccessible) NH groups were identified by detg. solvent and temp.dependence of NH chem.shifts and rates of H-D exchange.Ten backbone NH groups are inaccessible to solvent, whereas 3 NH groups assigned to phenylalanine-1, aminoisobutyrate-2, and -8 residues are exposed to solvent.The NMR results,together with the stereochem.constraints imposed by the presence of a-aminoisobutyryl, isovalyl, prolyl, and 4-hydroxypropyl residues, favor a highly ordered structure. Two backbone conformations consistent with the data are considered. Antiamoebin is shown to be an effective uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation in rat liver mitochondria, providing evidence for its membrane-modifying activity.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: The copyright belongs to American Chemical Society
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2008
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:46
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/14346

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