Shaw, Amit and Roy, D (2007) Analyses of wrinkled and slack membranes through an error reproducing mesh-free method. In: International Journal of Solids and Structures, 44 (11-12). pp. 3939-3972.
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A mesh-free approximation of large deformations of flexible membrane structures within the tension field theory is considered in this paper. A modification of the wrinkling theory, originally proposed by Roddeman et al. (1987) [Roddeman, D.G., Drukker, J., Oomens, C.W.J., Janssen, J.D., 1987, The wrinkling of thin membranes: Part I—theory; Part II—numerical analysis. ASME J. Appl. Mech. 54, 884–892.], is proposed to study the behaviour of an isotropic membrane under the mixed state of stress (taut, wrinkled and slack). Using the facts that the state of stress is not uniform across an element and that the deformation gradient is a spatially continuous (and possibly non-differentiable) tensor, the proposed model uses a continuously modified deformation gradient to capture the location and orientation of wrinkles more precisely. While the deformation gradient need not be everywhere-differentiable in a wrinkled membrane, it is argued that the fictive non-wrinkled (non-slack) surface may be looked upon as an everywhere-taut surface in the limit as the minor (and major) principal tensile stresses over the wrinkled (slack) portions go to zero. Accordingly, the modified deformation gradient is thought of as the limit of a sequence of everywhere-differentiable tensors. The weighted residual from the governing equations are presently solved via a mesh-free method, where the entire domain is discretized only by a set of grid points. A non-uniform-rational-B-spline (NURBS) based error reproducing kernel method (ERKM) has been used to approximate the field variable over the domain. The first step in the method is to approximate a function and its derivatives through NURBS basis functions. However, since NURBS functions neither reproduce any polynomial nor interpolate the grid points (also referred to as control or nodal points), the approximated functions result in uncontrolled errors over the domain including the grid points. Accordingly the error functions in the NURBS approximation and its derivatives are reproduced via a family of non-NURBS basis functions. The non-NURBS basis functions are constructed using a polynomial reproduction condition and added to the NURBS approximation of the function obtained in the first step. Several numerical examples on wrinkled and/or slack membranes are also provided.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.|
|Keywords:||Wrinkled and slack membranes;Tension field theory;Error reproducing kernels;Mesh-free methods|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering|
|Date Deposited:||01 Jul 2008|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 04:46|
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