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Refinement of thermodynamic properties of $ReO_2$

Jacob, Thomas K and Mishra, Saurabh and Waseda, Yoshio (2000) Refinement of thermodynamic properties of $ReO_2$. In: Thermochimica Acta, 348 (1-2). pp. 61-68.

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Abstract

The standard Gibbs energy of formation of $ReO_2$ in the temperature range from 900 to 1200 K has been determined with high precision using a novel apparatus incorporating a buffer electrode between reference and working electrodes. The role of the buffer electrode was to absorb the electrochemical flux of oxygen through the solid electrolyte from the electrode with higher oxygen chemical potential to the electrode with lower oxygen potential. It prevented the polarization of the measuring electrode and ensured accurate data. The $Re+ReO_2$ working electrode was placed in a closed stabilized-zirconia crucible to prevent continuous vaporization of $Re_2O_7$ at high temperatures. The standard Gibbs energy of the formation of $ReO_2$ can be represented by the equationde. $\Delta_fG^0(Re0_2)/J mol^{-1}$$= -451,510+ 295.11$$(^{\frac{T}{K}})-14.3261^{\frac{T}{K}} In^{\frac{T}{K}}(\pm80)$. Accurate values of low and high temperature heat capacity of $ReO_2$ are available in the literature. The thermal data are coupled with the standard Gibbs energy of formation, obtained in this study, to evaluate the standard enthalpy of formation of $ReO_2$ at 298.15 K by the ' third law ' method. The value of standard enthalpy of formation at 298.15 K is: $\Delta_f H^0_{298.15 K}(ReO_2)/ kJ mol^{-1}=-445.1 (\pm0.2)$. The uncertainty estimate includes both random (2\sigma) and systematic errors.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Gibbs energy of formation;Enthalpy;Entropy;Advanced solid-state cell;Micropolarization.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2008
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:49
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/15606

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