Natarajan, Vasant and Banerjee, Ayan and Rapol, Umakant (1999) Experiments with a laser cooled cloud of atoms. In: Current Science, 76 (2). pp. 216-221.
We discuss two experiments that can be performed using a cloud of laser-cooled and trapped atoms, namely Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) and search for a permanent Electric Dipole Moment (EDM). BEC can be observed in Rb atoms in a magnetic trap by using forced evaporative cooling to continuously lower the temperature below the condensation limit. The cloud is cooled by preferentially ejecting the hottest atoms from a magnetic trap. The magnetic trap is loaded with laser-cooled atoms from a magneto-optic trap. The EDM experiment can be performed with a laser-cooled cloud of Yb atoms. The atoms are spin polarized and the precession of the spin is measured in the presence of a strong electric field applied perpendicular to the spin direction. The use of laser-cooled atoms should greatly enhance the sensitivity of the experiment.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||The copyright belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.|
|Keywords:||laser;cooled atoms;Bose Einstein Condensation;BEC;Electric Dipole Moment;EDM|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics|
|Date Deposited:||10 Jan 2007|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 04:15|
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