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Effect of sulphuric acid on the properties of polyaniline–HCl salt and its base

Rao, Palle Swapna and Anand, Jayashree and Palaniappan, S and Sathyanarayana, DN (2000) Effect of sulphuric acid on the properties of polyaniline–HCl salt and its base. In: European Polymer Journal, 36 (5). 915 -921.

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Abstract

The effect of $H_2SO_4$ on polyaniline–HCl salt and its base was studied for different concentrations of the acid (0.1, 1.0, 4.0, 8.0, 13.0 and 18.0 M) for a duration of one day and five days. The $H_2SO_4$ treated polyaniline samples were characterised by conductivity and UV–vis, FT-IR and EPR spectroscopic measurements. Due to the incorporation of $H_2SO_4$ in the polymer chain significant effects on polyaniline–HCl salt were observed, while for the polyaniline base doping occurs depending on the concentration of $H_2SO_4$. The extent of doping and the incorporation of the sulphate group in the polymer chain are revealed by the spectroscopic and conductivity studies. The conversion of polyaniline base to the salt form is less efficient by $H_2SO_4$ doping when compared to doping by HCl.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2008 05:10
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:50
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/15948

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