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Comparison of creep behaviour of 2.25Cr-1Mo/9Cr - 1Mo dissimilar weld joint with its base and weld metals

Laha, K and Latha, S and Rao, Bhanu Sankara K and Mannan, SL and Sastry, DH (2001) Comparison of creep behaviour of 2.25Cr-1Mo/9Cr - 1Mo dissimilar weld joint with its base and weld metals. In: Materials Science and Technology, 17 (10). pp. 1265-1272.

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Abstract

Evaluation of the creep behaviour of 2.25Cr – 1Mo and 9Cr – 1Mo ferritic steel base metals, 9Cr–1Mo steel weld metal, and 2.25Cr –1 Mo/9Cr – 1Mo ferritic–ferritic dissimilar weld joints has been carried out at 823 K in the stress range 100–260 MPa. The weld joint was fabricated by shielded metal arc welding using basic coated 9Cr–1Mo electrodes. Investigations of the microstructure and hardness variations across the joint in the as welded, post-weld heat treated (973 K/1 h), and creep tested conditions were performed. The heat affected zone (HAZ) in both the steels consisted of a coarse prior austenitic grain region, a fine prior austenitic grain region, and an intercritical structure. In the post-weld heat treated condition, a white etched soft decarburised zone in 2.25Cr–1Mo steel base metal and a black etched hard carburised zone in 9Cr–1Mo steel weld metal around the weld fusion line developed. Hardness troughs also developed in the intercritical HAZ regions of both the steels. The width of the carburised and decarburised zones and hardness differences of these zones were found to increase with creep exposure. The 9Cr–1Mo steel weld metal showed higher creep strength compared to both the base metals. The 9Cr–1Mo steel base metal exhibited better creep resistance than the 2.25Cr – 1Mo steel base metal at lower applied stresses. The dissimilar joint revealed lower creep rupture strength than both the base metals and weld metal. The creep strain was found to concentrate in the decarburised zone of 2.25Cr – 1Mo steel and in the intercritical HAZ regions of both the steels. Creep failure in the stress range examined occurred in the intercritical HAZ of 2.25Cr–1Mo steel even though this region showed higher hardness than the decarburised zone. Extensive creep cavitation and cracks were observed in the decarburised zone.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Maney Publishing.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2008 05:56
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:50
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/15966

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