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Characteristics of spectral aerosol optical depths over India during ICARB

Beegum, Naseema S and Moorthy, Krishna K and Nair, Vijayakumar S and Babu, Suresh S and Satheesh, SK and Vinoj, V and Reddy, Ramakrishna R and Gopa, Rama K and Badarinath, KVS and Niranjan, K and Pandey, Santosh Kumar and Behera, M and Jeyaram, A and Bhuyan, PK and Gogoi, MM and Singh, Sacchidanand and Pant, P and Dumka, UC and Kant, Yogesh and Kuniyal, JC and Singh, Darshan (2008) Characteristics of spectral aerosol optical depths over India during ICARB. In: Journal of Earth System Science, 117 (s1). pp. 303-313.

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Abstract

Spectral aerosol optical depth (AOD) measurements, carried out regularly from a network of observatories spread over the Indian mainland and adjoining islands in the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea, are used to examine the spatio-temporal and spectral variations during the period of ICARB (March to May 2006). The AODs and the derived $\dot{A}ngstr\ddot{o}m$ parameters showed considerable variations across India during the above period. While at the southern peninsular stations the AODs decreased towards May after a peak in April, in the north Indian regions they increased continuously from March to May. The $\dot{A}ngstr\ddot{o}m$ coefficients suggested enhanced coarse mode loading in the north Indian regions, compared to southern India. Nevertheless, as months progressed from March to May, the dominance of coarse mode aerosols increased in the columnar aerosol size spectrum over the entire Indian mainland, maintaining the regional distinctiveness. Compared to the above, the island stations showed considerably low AODs, so too the northeastern station Dibrugarh, indicating the prevalence of cleaner environment. Long-range transport of aerosols from the adjoining regions leads to remarkable changes in the magnitude of the AODs and their wavelength dependencies during March to May. HYSPLIT back-trajectory analysis shows that enhanced long-range transport of aerosols, particularly from the west Asia and northwest coastal India, contributed significantly to the enhancement of AOD and in the flattening of the spectra over entire regions; if it is the peninsular regions and the island Minicoy are more impacted in April, the north Indian regions including the Indo Gangetic Plain get affected the most during May, with the AODs soaring as high as 1.0 at 500 nm. Over the islands, the $\dot{A}ngstr\ddot{o}m$ exponent (\alpha) remained significantly lower $(\sim 1)$ over the Arabian Sea compared to Bay of Bengal (BoB) $(\sim 1.4)$ as revealed by the data respectively from Minicoy and Port Blair. Occurrences of higher values of \alpha showing dominance of accumulation mode aerosols, over BoB are associated well with the advection, above the boundary layer, of fine particles from the east Asian region during March and April. The change in the airmass to marine in May results in a rapid decrease in \alpha over the BoB.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: Atmospheric aerosols;aerosol optical depth;Angstrom parameters;ICARB;long-range transport;multiwavelength radiometer.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2008 09:35
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:50
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/16060

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