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A Neutralizing Antibody to the A Chain of Abrin Inhibits Abrin Toxicity both In Vitro and In Vivo

Surendranath, Kalpana and Karande, Anjali A (2008) A Neutralizing Antibody to the A Chain of Abrin Inhibits Abrin Toxicity both In Vitro and In Vivo. In: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, 15 (5). pp. 737-743.

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Official URL: http://cvi.asm.org/cgi/reprint/15/5/737

Abstract

Plant ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) are RNA N-glycosidases that inhibit protein synthesis in cells. Abrin, a type II RIP, is an AB type toxin, which is one of the most lethal types of toxin known. The B chain facilitates the entry of the molecule into the cell, whereas the A chain exerts the toxic effect. We have generated hybridomas secreting antibodies of the immunoglobulin G class specific to the recombinant A chain of abrin. One monoclonal antibody, namely, D6F10, rescued cells from abrin toxicity. Importantly, the antibody also protected mice from lethal doses of the toxin. The neutralizing effect of the antibody was shown to be due to interference with abrin attachment to the cell surface.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Society for Microbiology.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2008 09:23
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:50
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/16074

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