# Hydrogen Bond Breaking Mechanism and Water Reorientational Dynamics in the Hydration Layer of Lysozyme

Jana, Biman and Pal, Subrata and Bagchi, Biman (2008) Hydrogen Bond Breaking Mechanism and Water Reorientational Dynamics in the Hydration Layer of Lysozyme. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 112 (30). pp. 9112-9117.

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## Abstract

The mechanism and the rate of hydrogen bond-breaking in the hydration layer surrounding an aqueous protein are important ingredients required to understand the various aspects of protein dynamics, its function, and stability. Here, we use computer simulation and a time correlation function technique to understand these aspects in the hydration layer of lysozyme. Water molecules in the layer are found to exhibit three distinct bond-breaking mechanisms. A large angle orientational jump of the donor water molecule is common among all of them. In the most common $(\approx80\%)$ bond-breaking event in the layer, the new acceptor water molecule comes from the first coordination shell (initially within $3.5 \AA$ of the donor), and the old acceptor water molecule remains within the first coordination shell, even after the bond-breaking. This is in contrast to that in bulk water, in which both of the acceptor molecules involve the second coordination shell. Additionally, the motion of the incoming and the outgoing acceptor molecules involved is not diffusive in the hydration layer, in contrast to their observed diffusive motion in the bulk. The difference in rotational dynamics between the bulk and the hydration layer water molecules is clearly manifested in the calculated time-dependent angular van Hove self-correlation function $(G(\theta, t))$ which has a pronounced two-peak structure in the layer, and this can be traced to the constrained translational motion in the layer. The longevity of the surrounding hydrogen bond network is found to be significantly enhanced near a hydrophilic residue.

Item Type: Journal Article Publisher Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society. Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit 20 Oct 2008 04:49 19 Sep 2010 04:51 http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/16153