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Identification of surface states in PbS quantum dots by temperature dependent photoluminescence

Pendyala, Naresh Babu and Rao, Koteswara KSR (2008) Identification of surface states in PbS quantum dots by temperature dependent photoluminescence. In: Journal of Luminescence, 128 (11). pp. 1826-1830.

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Abstract

We report the type and nature of the surface states in PbS quantum dots grown in poly vinyl alcohol by the colloidal technique. Mercaptoethanol $(C_2H_5OSH)$ capping and the molar ratio of Pb:S were used as parameters to understand the origin of the surface state related photoluminescence. From absorption and photoluminescence measurements, it was observed that increasing Lead concentration resulted in bigger nanoparticles with broad size distribution. However, the increase in sulfur concentration helped in the formation of smaller nanoparticles with narrow size distribution. Passivation studies also revealed that the origin of the bands below 1.1 eV was sulfur related. Thus these experiments indicated that sulfur played an important role, not only in size selectivity, but also in controlling defects in PbS quantum structures. Temperature dependent PL studies on different samples with various Pb:S molar ratios and with mercaptoethanol treated gave an insight into the nature of the surface states. Based on these results, we explain the origin of the surface states and proposed a model for different PL bands. The observed temperature-dependent trends of PL intensity (decreasing in Pb:S::1:1, increasing in S terminated and anomalous behavior in samples with excess of Pb) is attributed to the dominant midgap states and the results are consistent with carrier redistribution and recombination statistics involved in the quantum structures.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: PbS quantum dots;Poly vinyl alcohol;Photoluminescence;Surface states.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2008 05:22
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:51
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/16175

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