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Vesicle and Tubular Microstructure Formation from Synthetic Sugar-Linked Amphiphiles. Evidence of Vesicle Formation from Single-Chain Amphiphiles Bearing a Disaccharide Headgroup

Bhattacharya, Santanu and Acharya, Ghanashyam SN (2000) Vesicle and Tubular Microstructure Formation from Synthetic Sugar-Linked Amphiphiles. Evidence of Vesicle Formation from Single-Chain Amphiphiles Bearing a Disaccharide Headgroup. In: Langmuir, 16 (1). pp. 87-97.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/la990468j

Abstract

Altogether eight sugar-based amphiphiles were synthesized. Out of these, four amphiphiles contained only one hydrocarbon chain in their hydrophobic segment. Two of these single-chain amphiphiles contained fully cyclic, disaccharide headgroups, while the other two were made of one cyclic sugar unit connected to the hydrocarbon chain via open, reduced alditol units. The first two single-chain amphiphiles formed vesicles upon suspension in water as indicated by transmission electron microscopy and dye entrapment experiments.Thediameters of these vesicles ranged from 500 to $800 \AA$. Uponaging, these vesicles transformed into tubular and lamellar microstructures. However, the other two single-chain amphiphiles produced micelles in water. Four double-chain systems including two glycolipid analogues, N-hexadecyl-(1- hexadecylamido)-\beta-D-lactoside andN-hexadecyl-(1-hexadecylamido)- \beta -D-maltoside, were also synthesized. The other two double-chain (dihexadecyl ether) lipids were based on a pseudoglyceryl backbone where the headgroup residues weremadeof amino-\beta -D-maltoside and amino-\beta -D-lactoside, respectively. All the doublechain amphiphiles formed vesiclesuponsuspension in water as indicated by transmission electron microscopy and dye entrapment experiments. The diameters of these vesicles ranged from $\sim 1000$ to $1100 \AA$. X-ray diffraction of the cast films of the vesicle-forming amphiphiles indicated a lamellar thickness of $\sim 58-60 \AA$ for these membranous organizations. The vesicular aggregates showed sharp, solid-to-fluid thermal transitions that ranged from $\sim 52$ to $62^oC$. Formation of giant-sized vesicles from the single-chain amphiphiles could also be triggered by complex formation with $Cu^{2+}$ ions under ambient pH conditions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2008 06:48
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2012 07:18
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/16256

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