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Mechanical characterization of NiTi SMA wires using a dynamic mechanical analyzer

Roy, Debdutta and Buravalla, V and Mangalgiri, PD and Allegavi, S and Ramamurty, U (2008) Mechanical characterization of NiTi SMA wires using a dynamic mechanical analyzer. In: Materials Science and Engineering A, 494 (1-2). pp. 429-435.

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Abstract

An investigation into the thermo-mechanical response of trained Ni–Ti shape memory alloy (SMA) wires with two-way shape memory effect (TWSME) induced into them was conducted in order to examiinfluence of the cold work on quasi-static and fatigue behavior of SMAs. Use of dynamic mechanical anlyzer (DMA) for such tests on thin wires was examined and successfully utilized. Quasi-static stress–responses of the wires at different temperatures were obtained to determine the critical stresses for for-ward as well as reverse transformations. Mechanical stress-controlled fatigue tests were conducted the wires in the austenitic state (130 ◦ C). They showed a two-stage deterioration of fatigue life—a rapiddecay when the maximum stress of the fatigue cycle is higher than the critical transformation stress, and a more gradual deterioration at stress levels considerably lower than the critical stress. The fatigue life of the wires was found to increase with the load ratio, R, whereas the frequency of cyclic loading had onlya marginal effect. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) of the fatigued austenite specimens indicated the presence of residual stress-induced martensite in the austenitic state. The high concentration of theaustenite–martensite interfaces act as potential sites for stress-concentration and are the main source of the drastic decrease of the fatigue life in the two-phase region.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Shape memory alloys; Fatigue life; Austenite Martensite Dynamic mechanical analyzer
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2009 08:50
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:52
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/16442

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