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Antimicrobial activity of marine bacteria associated with sponges from the waters off the coast of South East India

Anand, Prem T and Bhat, Abdul Wajid and Shouche, Yogesh S and Roy, Upal and Siddharth, Jay and Sarma, Siddhartha P (2006) Antimicrobial activity of marine bacteria associated with sponges from the waters off the coast of South East India. In: Microbiological Research, 161 (3). pp. 252-262.

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Abstract

Seventy-five marine bacterial. strains associated with four species of sponges (Echinodictyum sp., Spongia sp., Sigmadocia fibulatus and Mycale mannarensis) were isolated from the Tuticorin coast, Gulf of Mannar region. The agar-overlay method was used to screen for antibiotic production by these strains against four bacteria, viz., Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and Vibrio harveyi and one fungal pathogen, viz., Candida albicans. Twenty-one per cent of the bacterial. strains were found to be antibiotic producers and their activities ranged from broad spectral to species specific. A strain coded SC3 was found to be highly potent and was mass cultured. The ethyl acetate extract of the culture broth was further fractionated by reverse phase HPLC and the active fraction identified. In addition, SC3 was subjected to morphological and physiological characterization. The results of the tests showed SC3 to be a Gram-positive rod, sporutating, motite, catatase and oxiclase positive. Phytogenetic analysis based on comparative analysis of sequenced 16s rRNA of the active strains indicated a preponderance of bacteria belonging to Vibrio and Bacillus genera with 95-99% sequence similarities. To our knowledge this is the first report on phytogenetic identification of antibiotic producing bacteria associated with sponges from Indian waters.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsavier.
Keywords: Microbiology;antimicrobials;marine bacteria;marine sponge; phylogeny;India;Natural-Products; Sp-Nov.;Physicochemical Properties;Antibacterial Activity;Mediterranean Sponges;Aplysina-Cavernicola;Suberites-Domuncula;Sea-Water;Fermentation;Taxonomy
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2008 06:23
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:53
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/16797

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