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Contactless Electrochemical Reduction of Titanium (II) Chloride by Aluminum

Uda, T and Okabe, TH and Waseda, Y and Jacob, KT (2000) Contactless Electrochemical Reduction of Titanium (II) Chloride by Aluminum. In: Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 31 (04). pp. 713-721.

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Abstract

Because of the strong affinity between aluminum and titanium, it has not been possible to produce pure titanium by direct aluminothermic reduction of titanium chlorides. Described in this article is a new process for contactless reduction of titanium dichloride by aluminum in which titanium dichloride and the reductant (aluminum or aluminum alloy) were physically separated, but electrochemically connected through molten NaCl and an external circuit. Titanium dichloride was spontaneously reduced to metal by a cathodic reaction with the simultaneous discharge of chlorine ions into the melt. At the anode, metal aluminum was oxidized to form aluminum chloride dissolved in the molten salt. The electrons were transferred between the electrodes through the external circuit. The concentration of aluminum in titanium produced at 1223 and 1273 K varied from values below the detection limit of the X-ray fluorescence analysis (0.01 mass pet) to 4.5 mass pet. The average contamination was 0.76 mass pet Al. When an aluminum-nickel alloy was used as the reductant, nickel was not detected in the titanium obtained by reduction. This observation suggests that aluminum scrap may be used as a cheap reductant in this contactless electrochemical process.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Minerals Metals Materials Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 24 Dec 2008 05:44
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2011 04:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/16807

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