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Epitope mapping and evaluation of specificity of T-helper sites in four major antigenic peptides of chicken riboflavin carrier protein in outbred rats

Subramanian, Sarada and Andal, S and Karande, Anjali A and Adiga, Radhakantha P (2003) Epitope mapping and evaluation of specificity of T-helper sites in four major antigenic peptides of chicken riboflavin carrier protein in outbred rats. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 311 (1). pp. 11-16.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2003.09.162

Abstract

This paper reviews our studies on synthetic peptides spanning the major antigenic determinants of the chicken riboflavin carrier protein (RCP; 219 AA). These determinants are composed of residues 4-24 (YGC), 64-83 (CED), 130-147 (GEN), and 200-219 (HAC) and function as minivaccines in terms of eliciting anti-peptide antibodies which recognize the native protein and are particularly promising contraceptive vaccine candidates. We have used 15-residue synthetic peptides to define short sequences involved in interaction with antibody and with T-cells. We have mapped the boundaries of T-cell epitopes of these peptides in outbred rats by immunizing the animals with each peptide and assaying the popliteal lymph node cell proliferation against a series of overlapping synthetic 15-mers covering the entire length of the individual peptides. The peptides YGC, GEN, and HAC harboured a single T-cell epitope each whereas the peptide CED exhibited bimodal response possessing two epitopes, one at N-terminus and the other at the C-terminus. These studies provide insight into the way in which an immunogen is viewed by the immune system. In addition, preferential T-cell helper function for B cells recognizing unique determinants on the same molecule was demonstrated. This information helps in exploiting synthetic peptides in the construction of designer immunogens which have potential as candidat vaccines

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Epitope mapping;Riboflavin carrier protein;Synthetic peptides; T-cell epitope.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics (formed by the merger of DBGL and CRBME)
Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2009 10:48
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 06:49
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/16893

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