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Ionic transport and structural investigations on $MSn(OH)_{6}$ (M = Ba, Ca, Mg, Co, Zn, Fe, Mn) hydroxide perovskites synthesized by wet sonochemical methods

Jena, H and Kutty, KVG and Kutty, TRN (2004) Ionic transport and structural investigations on $MSn(OH)_{6}$ (M = Ba, Ca, Mg, Co, Zn, Fe, Mn) hydroxide perovskites synthesized by wet sonochemical methods. In: Materials Chemistry and Physics, 88 (1). pp. 167-179.

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Abstract

Hydroxide perovskites of MSn(OH)(6) (M = Ba, Ca, Mg, Co, Zn, Fe or Mn) were synthesized by co-precipitation and sonochemical reaction routes. Some of the compounds were also prepared by the hydrothermal method. These were characterized by XRD, TGA/DTA, TEM and IR studies. The hydroxide perovskites are stable up to similar to523 K and all the compounds stabilize in cubic crystal system (SG = Pn3m) at 298-523 K except BaSn(OH)(6). The as-prepared powders of the above compositions show cubic square net in the reciprocal lattice of their electron diffraction patterns. Among these perovskites; MgSn(OH)(6) and CoSn(OH)(6) exhibit proton conduction at 298-500 K. Above similar to523 K, solid solutions of SnO2 and the corresponding MO components were observed. On heat-treatment at 850-950 K, M2-x(V-M)(x)SnO4 (M-deficient spinel, x < 1) along with SnO2 are observed. On further sintering to 1773 K for a duration of 6-7 h, M2-x(V-M)(x)SnO4 phase is stabilized. The electrical properties of these compounds were measured by four-probe dc method. Co2-x(V-Co)(x)SnO4 + SnO2 mixed phase showed oxide ion conductivity at 500-1273 K. The activation energy of oxide ion conduction is 0.93 eV. CaSn(OH)(6) does not show any type of electrical conduction at 298-850 K. The loss of proton conduction above 523 K may be ascribed to dehydroxylation and subsequent decomposition to SnO2 + M2-xSnO4 (defect spinel, M = Mg, Zn, Cc) or MSnO3 (M = Ba, Ca).

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier B. V.
Keywords: Hydroxide perovskite;Chemical synthesis;X-ray diffraction;ion conduction.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2008 05:25
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:55
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/17110

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