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PMR studies of molecular motions, phase transitions and quantum tunnelling in $NH_{4}$$SnCl_{3}$ and $N(CH_{3})$$_{4}$$SnCl_{3}$

Kumaran, Senthil S and Ramesh, KP and Ramakrishna, J (2001) PMR studies of molecular motions, phase transitions and quantum tunnelling in $NH_{4}$$SnCl_{3}$ and $N(CH_{3})$$_{4}$$SnCl_{3}$. In: Molecular Physics, 99 (16). pp. 1373-1380.

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Abstract

Molecular reorientation and low temperature relaxation effects of NH4+ ion and the effect of CH3 substitution (in place of H) are investigated by proton spin lattice relaxation time (T-1) measurements at 10 MHz in NH4SnCl3 and N(CH3)(4)SnCl3 in the temperature range 4.2 K upto the melting points of the compounds (approximate to 440 K). Phase transitions around 360 K in NH4SnCl3 and around 361 and 116 K in N(CH3)(4)SnCl3 have been observed. In NH4SnCl3, the high temperature minimum at 330.5 K is attributed to the translational diffusion of the NH4+ ions, while the other T-1 minima at 103.5, 60 and 50 K are ascribed to the reorientations of the NH4+ ion about the C-2 and C-3 axes. The low temperature minimum at 13.5 K is attributed to rotational tunnelling of the NH4+ ions. In N(CH3)(4)SnCl3, in addition to the high temperature minima at 212.2 and 182.6 K due to N(CH3)(4) tumbling and CH3 reorientation, a temperature independent T-1 behaviour between 83 and 31 K is observed, below which T-1 decreases and tends to go through a minimum around 5 K. This low temperature minimum is attributed to rotational tunnelling of the CH3 groups. The motional parameters and tunnel frequencies are estimated.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor & Francis.
Keywords: Spin-Lattice Relaxation;Ammonium Hexachlorides;Nmr;Dynamics
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2010 07:10
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/17302

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