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Superfluid, Mott-insulator, and mass-density-wave phases in the one-dimensional extended Bose-Hubbard model

Pai, Ramesh V and Pandit, Rahul (2005) Superfluid, Mott-insulator, and mass-density-wave phases in the one-dimensional extended Bose-Hubbard model. In: Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 71 (10).

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Official URL: http://prb.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v71/i10/e104508

Abstract

We use the finite-size, density-matrix-renormalization-group (FSDMRG) method to obtain the phase diagram of the one-dimensional (d=1) extended Bose-Hubbard model for density rho=1 in the U-V plane, where U and V are, respectively, onsite and nearest-neighbor interactions. The phase diagram comprises three phases: superfluid (SF), Mott insulator (MI), and mass-density-wave (MDW). For small values of U and V, we get a reentrant SF-MI-SF phase transition. For intermediate values of interactions the SF phase is sandwiched between MI and MDW phases with continuous SF-MI and SF-MDW transitions. We show, by a detailed, finite-size scaling analysis, that the MI-SF transition is of Kosterlitz-Thouless (KT) type whereas the MDW-SF transition has both KT and two-dimensional Ising characters. For large values of U and V we get a direct, first-order, MI-MDW transition. The MI-SF, MDW-SF, and MI-MDW phase boundaries join at a bicritical point at (U,V)=(8.5 +/- 0.05,4.75 +/- 0.05).

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to The American Physical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2010 05:58
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/17398

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