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Impaired Generation of Reactive Oxygen Species during Differentiation of Dendritic Cells (DCs) by Mycobacterium tuberculosis Secretory Antigen (MTSA) and Subsequent Activation of MTSA-DCs by Mycobacteria Results in Increased Intracellular Survival

Sinha, Aprajita and Singh, Anjana and Satchidanandam, V and Natarajan, K (2006) Impaired Generation of Reactive Oxygen Species during Differentiation of Dendritic Cells (DCs) by Mycobacterium tuberculosis Secretory Antigen (MTSA) and Subsequent Activation of MTSA-DCs by Mycobacteria Results in Increased Intracellular Survival. In: Journal Of Immunology, 177 (1). pp. 468-478.

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Official URL: http://www.jimmunol.org/cgi/reprint/177/1/468

Abstract

We investigated the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in dendritic cell (DC) differentiation by 10-kDa Mycobacterium tuberculosis secretory Ag (MTSA) and survival of mycobacteria therein. Compared with GM-CSF, MTSA induced lower ROS production during DC differentiation from precursors. This result correlated with higher superoxide dismutase 1 expression in MTSA stimulated precursors as compared with GM-CSF stimulation. Furthermore, a negative regulation of protein kinase C (PKC) activation by ROS was observed during DC differentiation. ROS inhibited the rapid and increased phosphorylation of PKC alpha observed during DC differentiation by MTSA. In contrast, ROS inhibition increased the weak and delayed PKCa phosphorylation by GM-CSF. Similar to DC differentiation, upon activation with either M. tuberculosis cell extract (CE) or live Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), DCs differentiated with MTSA (MTSA-DCs) generated lower ROS levels when compared with DCs differentiated with GM-CSF (GM-CSF-DCs). Likewise, a negative regulation of PKCa phosphorylation by ROS was once again observed in DCs activated with either M. tuberculosis CE or live M. bovis BCG. However, a reciprocal positive regulation between ROS and calcium was observed. Compared with MTSA-DCs, stimulation of GM-CSF-DCs with M. tuberculosis CE induced a 2-fold higher ROS-dependent calcium influx. However, pretreatment of MTSA-DCs with H2O2 increased calcium mobilization. Finally, lower ROS levels in MTSA-DCs correlated with increased intracellular survival of A bovis BCG when compared with survival in GM-CSF-DCs. Although inhibiting ROS in GM-CSF-DCs increased M. bovis BCG survival, H2O2 treatment of MTSA-DCs decreased survival of M. bovis BCG. Overall our results suggest that DCs differentiated with Ags such as MTSA may provide a niche for survival and/or growth of mycobacteria following sequestration of ROS.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Association Of Immunologists.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2009 07:16
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/17426

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