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Kinetics of photoconversion of cyclohexane and benzene by LnVO(4) and LnMo(0.15)V(0.85)O(4) (Ln = Ce, Pr and Nd)

Mahapatra, Sudarshan and Vinu, R and Row, TN Guru and Madras, Giridhar (2008) Kinetics of photoconversion of cyclohexane and benzene by LnVO(4) and LnMo(0.15)V(0.85)O(4) (Ln = Ce, Pr and Nd). In: Applied Catalysis A: General, 351 (1). pp. 45-53.

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Abstract

The orthovanadates LnVO4, and molybdovanadates LnMo0.15V0.85O4 (Ln = Ce, Pr and Nd), were synthesized via solid-state method. The crystal structure and the band gap of these compounds were determined by powder X-ray diffraction and UV–visible spectroscopy, respectively. The photocatalytic activities of these materials towards the oxidation of cyclohexane to cyclohexanol and cyclohexanone and towards hydroxylation of benzene to phenol were investigated. A detailed free radical mechanism for the oxidation of cyclohexane has been proposed and the reaction rate coefficients were determined. The hydroxylation of benzene to phenol was modeled using a simple series reaction mechanism. The rate coefficients show that CeVO4 exhibited superior photocatalytic activity and selectivity for the oxidation of cyclohexane to cyclohexanone compared to all other catalysts. For the hydroxylation of benzene, PrMo0.15V0.85O4 yielded high amounts of phenol. The observed trends in photoactivity are in good agreement with the band structure of these compounds.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Lanthanides;Orthovanadates;Molybdovanadates;Photo-oxidation;Photo-hydroxylation.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2009 12:29
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/17512

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