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Competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay based on monoclonal antibody and recombinant hemagglutinin for serosurveillance of rinderpest virus

Renukaradhya, GJ and Suresh, KB and Rajasekhar, M and Shaila, MS (2003) Competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay based on monoclonal antibody and recombinant hemagglutinin for serosurveillance of rinderpest virus. In: Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 41 (3). pp. 943-947.

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Official URL: http://jcm.asm.org/cgi/reprint/41/3/943

Abstract

A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (C-ELISA) which detects antibodies unique to rinderpest virus (RPV) has been developed. This test can differentiate antibodies against RPV and those against peste des petits ruminants virus. The recombinant RPV hemagglutinin (H)-protein C-ELISA (recH C-ELISA) is based on the ability of a well-characterized monoclonal antibody (MAb) produced with the soluble, secreted form of the H protein (Sec H protein) of RPV made in a baculovirus expression system to compete with the binding of RPV antibodies in the serum of vaccinated or infected, recovered animals to the Sec H protein. The B-cell epitope recognized by the MAb corresponds to amino acids 575 to 583 on the H protein, which is not present on the antigenically closely related peste des petits ruminants virus hemagglutinin-neuraminidase protein. Initially, a positive-negative threshold cutoff value for percent inhibition of 34 was established with 500 known RPV-negative serum samples. The recH C-ELISA was developed with the enzyme immunoassay software of a commercial RPV C-ELISA kit. Comparative analysis of the test results for 700 serum samples obtained with the commercial kit gave a sensitivity of 112.4% and a specificity of 72.4%. Variations in percent inhibition values were observed for the two assay systems. These variations may have been due to the undefined amount of antigen present in the commercial kit as well as the use of a different MAb. The recH C-ELISA detected more positive serum samples compared to the number detected by the commercial kit, with the results confirmed by a virus neutralization test. Thus, recH C-ELISA is a sensitive tool for RPV serosurveillance in disease eradication programs.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Society for Microbiology.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 28 May 2009 10:54
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/17583

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