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Three-dimensional computational modelling of momentum, heat and mass transfer in laser surface alloying with distributed melting of alloying element

Raj, PM and Sarkar, S and Chakraborty, S and Dutta, P (2001) Three-dimensional computational modelling of momentum, heat and mass transfer in laser surface alloying with distributed melting of alloying element. In: International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, 11 (5-6). pp. 576-599.

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Abstract

A transient, three-dimensional mathematical model of a single-pass laser surface alloying process has been developed to examine the macroscopic heat, momentum and species transport during the process. A numerical study is performed in a co-ordinate system moving with the laser at a constant scanning speed. A fixed grid enthalpy-porosity approach is used, which predicts the evolutionary development of the laser-melted pool. It is observed that the melting of the added alloying element is not instantaneous in case its melting temperature is higher as compared to that of the base metal. As a result, the addition of alloying element at the top surface cannot be accurately modelled as a mass flux boundary condition at that surface. To resolve this situation, the addition of alloying elements is formulated by devising a species generation term for the solute transport equation. By employing a particle-tracking algorithm and a simultaneous particle-melting consideration, the species source term is estimated by the amount of fusion of a spherical particle as it passes through a particular control volume. Numerical simulations are performed for Ni as alloying element on Al base metal. It is revealed that the present model makes a distinctly different prediction of composition variation within the resolidified microstructure, as compared to a model that does not incorporate any considerations of distributed melting.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Emerald Insight.
Keywords: Heat transfer;alloys;modelling
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2010 09:11
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2010 09:11
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/17699

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