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Transformations of low-dimensional zinc phosphates to complex open-framework structures. Part 1: zero-dimensional to one-, two- and three-dimensional structures

Ayi, AA and Choudhury, A and Natarajan, S and Neeraj, S and Rao, CNR (2001) Transformations of low-dimensional zinc phosphates to complex open-framework structures. Part 1: zero-dimensional to one-, two- and three-dimensional structures. In: Journal Of Materials Chemistry, 11 (4). pp. 1181-1191. (In Press)

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Abstract

Zero-dimensional 4-membered zinc phosphate monomers, [C6N2H18][Zn(HPO4)(H2PO4)(2)], I, and [C6N4H21][Zn(HPO4)(2)(H2PO4)], II, transform under simple reaction conditions to one-, two- and three-dimensional structures. Monomer II, on heating with zinc acetate dihydrate (Zn(OAc)(2)) in aqueous solution, gives a layered phosphate [C6N4H21][NH4][Zn-6(PO4)(4)(HPO4)(2)]H2O, III. A novel three-dimensional structure [C6N4H21](4)[Zn-7(PO4)(6)](3), IV, with channels comprising Zn7O6 clusters is obtained on heating II in water under hydrothermal conditions. The monomer I transforms to a one-dimensional ladder, [C3N2H5][Zn(HPO4)], V, on heating with imidazole and to a three-dimensional structure,[C4N2H12][Zn-2(H2O)(PO4)(HPO4)](2), VI, on heating with piperazine under ordinary conditions. I also transforms to a layered zinc phosphate, [C6N2H18][Zn-3(H2O)(4)(HPO4)(4)], VII, on heating in water. In addition to the monomer, II, compounds III-VI have been obtained for the first time. The structures formed by the transformations of the monomers also exhibit unique structural features. Thus, in the ladder structure, V, the imidazole molecule is linked to the Zn center similar to the phosphate unit in a typical ladder structure, while in the layered phosphate, III, one-dimensional tubules are linked via ZnO4 tetrahedra and the three-dimensional structure, IV, possesses Zn7O6 clusters. Isolation of several related solids encompassing a variety of architectures through the transformations of zero-dimensional monomeric phosphates demonstrates not only that the 4-membered ring is a basic structural building unit in these open-framework materials, but also sheds light on the building-up process involved in their formation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Royal Society of Chemistry.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2010 11:42
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:58
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/17717

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