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Marine boundary-layer variability over the Indian Ocean during INDOEX (1998)

Manghnani, Vijayakumar and Raman, Sethu and Niyogi, Devdutta S and Parameswara, Vinayaka and Morrison, John M and Ramana, SV and Raju, JVSS (2000) Marine boundary-layer variability over the Indian Ocean during INDOEX (1998). In: Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 97 (03). pp. 411-430.

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Abstract

The variability in boundary-layer structure over the Indian Ocean during a north-east monsoon and the factors influencing it are investigated. This study was made possible as a component of the Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX), conducted from February 19 to March 30, 1998. The data used are, surface-layer mean and turbulence measurements of temperature, humidity and wind, and vertical soundings of temperature and humidity. Significant spatio-temporal variability was observed in the boundary-layer structure throughout the cruise. The ITCZ was characterized as the region with strongest winds and maximum surface turbulent fluxes of momentum and heat. One of the important findings from this study was a strong influence of continental air masses on the boundary-layer structure in the Northern Hemisphere, even at a distance of 600 km off the Indian coast. This was generally evident in the form of an elevated plume of dry continental air between altitudes of 1500 m and 2700 m. Advection of continental aerosols in this layer presents potential for significant entrainment into shallow clouds in this region, which eventually feed deeper clouds at the ITCZ. This finding provides an explanation for anomalous higher aerosol concentrations found during previous studies. The structure of the marine boundary layer was influenced by various factors such as proximity to land, an anomalous warm pool in the ocean and the ITCZ. In the southern hemisphere, the boundary-layer height was primarily governed by surface-layer sensible heat flux and was found to be highest in the vicinity of the ITCZ. North of the equator it was strongly influenced by land-air-sea interactions. In addition to this synoptic modulation, there was also a significant diurnal variability in the boundary-layer height

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords: Indian Ocean; INDOEX; ITCZ; Marine boundary layer; North-east monsoon
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2009 11:02
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/18028

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