Madhavan Unni, PK (2006) Methyl ethyl ketone+water+secondary butyl alcohol: A potential system for the exploration of a quadruple critical point. In: Journal Of Chemical Physics, 124 (12). 124510-1 -124510-14.
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We report preliminary experiments on the ternary-liquid mixture, methyl ethyl ketone (MEK)+water (W)+secondary butyl alcohol (sBA)-a promising system for the realization of the quadruple critical point (QCP). The unusual tunnel-shaped phase diagram shown by this system is characterized and visualized by us in the form of a prismatic phase diagram. Light-scattering experiments reveal that (MEK+W+sBA) shows near three-dimensional-Ising type of critical behavior near the lower critical solution temperatures, with the susceptibility exponent (gamma) in the range of 1.217 <=gamma <= 1.246. The correlation length amplitudes (xi(o)) and the critical exponent (nu) of the correlation length (xi) are in the ranges of 3.536 <=xi(o)<= 4.611 A and 0.619 <=nu <= 0.633, respectively. An analysis in terms of the effective susceptibility exponent (gamma(eff)) shows that the critical behavior is of the Ising type for MEK concentrations in the ranges of 0.1000 <= X <= 0.1250 and X >= 0.3000. But, for the intermediate range of 0.1750 <= X < 0.3000, the system shows a tendency towards mean-field type of critical behavior. The advantages of the system (MEK+W+sBA) over the system (3-methylpyridine+water+heavy water+potassium Iodide) for the realization of a QCP are outlined.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Physics.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics|
|Date Deposited:||01 Apr 2009 05:01|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 04:59|
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