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Cation Coordination And $Fe^{3+}$ Luminescence In $LiAlO_{2}$ Polymorphs Prepared By A Hydrothermal Method

Kutty, TRN and Nayak, M (1999) Cation Coordination And $Fe^{3+}$ Luminescence In $LiAlO_{2}$ Polymorphs Prepared By A Hydrothermal Method. In: Materials Research Bulletin, 34 (2). pp. 249-262.

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Abstract

The polymorphs alpha-, beta-, and gamma-LiAlO2 were synthesized by a hydrothermal method. The as-prepared product obtained at 240 degrees C was beta-LiAlO2, which converted completely to gamma-LiAlO2 above 1000 degrees C. alpha-LiAlO2 was obtained by the decomposition of LiAl(OH)(4). H2O prepared by imbibition of LiOH into LiAl2(OH)(7). 2H(2)O hydrothermally at 140 degrees C. Solid state MAS NMR (magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance) studies indicate that Li+ uniquely occupies octahedral sites in all the polymorphs. This observation indicates that the results of XRD and crystal structure studies on beta- and gamma-LiAlO2 reported in the literature that indicate the presence of Li+ in the tetrahedral site are apparently in error with respect to Li+ coordination. The other cation, Al3+ occupied octahedral sites in alpha-LiAlO2 and tetrahedral sites in the beta- and gamma-LiAlO2. The Fe3+ doped in the various polymorphic forms of this compound was found to uniquely occupy the octahedral Li+ site. EPR spectrum of the Fe3+ doped in these polymorphs indicates that during the transformation this site is distorted. The Fe3+ photoluminescent emission maximum was different for each polymorph. The difference in the luminescence characteristics among the polymorphic forms is due to the change in the site symmetry because of the distortion of the octahedra occupied by Fe3+ across the phase transition. The infrared spectrum indicates that site symmetry is lowered during the phase transition, (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Inorganic compounds;Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR);Infrared spectroscopy;Luminescence.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2009 05:40
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/18064

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