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The effect of end conditions on the vortex-induced vibration of cylinders

Morse, TL and Govardhan, RN and Williamson, CHK (2008) The effect of end conditions on the vortex-induced vibration of cylinders. In: Journal of Fluids and Structures, 24 (8). pp. 1227-1239.

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Abstract

In the present investigation we study the effect of end conditions on the vortex-induced vibration of an elastically mounted rigid cylinder. This work was triggered by some initial controlled vibration experiments which showed that spanwise end conditions can have a large effect on measured fluid forces on a cylinder, and this suggested that some of the disparity amongst previous free vibration studies may possibly be attributed to differences in end conditions. In the principal experiments here, we are concerned with a vertical cylinder piercing the clean free surface of a water channel, and attached to a carriage system mounted atop the channel. The upper end of the submerged cylinder is thus the free surface, while the lower end is manipulated to yield three different conditions, namely: an attached endplate; an unattached endplate fixed to the channel floor (with a variable gap between cylinder and plate); and a condition of no endplate at all. Interestingly, we find that the free vibration response for the attached and unattached endplate cases were nearly identical. One expectation was that the case without an endplate would lead to a flow around the end of the body, modifying the vortex dynamics, and thereby reducing the correlation of the induced fluid forces on the body. Surprisingly, over the entire response plot, the vibration amplitude is markedly higher in the absence of an endplate, with the exception of the peak amplitude, which remains nearly unchanged. Unexpectedly, the vibrations become much more steady at flow velocities in the vicinity of the peak response, if the endplate is removed. In a further set of experiments, we undertake controlled vibration, where we vary the gap between cylinder and endplate. We discover a large discontinuous jump in the magnitude of fluid excitation, when the gap exceeds 15% of a diameter. For larger gaps, the fluid excitation becomes independent of the gap size, effectively equivalent to having no plate at all. This study is consistent with some of the disparity between the character of vibration response plots in previous studies, if one takes into account the particular end conditions chosen in those studies.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Vortex-induced vibration;End conditions;Circular cylinder.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2009 09:04
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/18128

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