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Plastic-polymer composite electrolytes: Novel soft matter electrolytes for rechargeable lithium batteries

Patel, Monalisa and Bhattachaiyya, Aninda J (2008) Plastic-polymer composite electrolytes: Novel soft matter electrolytes for rechargeable lithium batteries. In: Electrochemistry Communications, 10 (12). pp. 1912-1915.

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Abstract

We present here a soft matter solid composite electrolyte obtained by inclusion of a polymer in a semi-solid organic plastic lithium salt electrolyte. Compared to lithium bis-trifluoromethanesulfonimide-succinonitrile (LiTFSI-SN), the (100 - x)%-[LiTFSI-SN]: x%-P (P: polyacrylonitrile (PAN), polyethylene oxide (PEO), polyethylene glycol dimethyl ether (PEG)) composites possess higher ambient temperature ionic conductivity, higher mechanical strength and wider electrochemical window. At 25 °C, ionic conductivity of 95%-[0.4 M LiTFSI-SN]: 5%-PAN was 1.3 x 10 -3 omega -1 cm1 which was twice that of LiTFSI-SN. The Young's modulus (Y) increased from Y tends to 0 for LiTFSI-SN to a maximum not, vert, similar1.0 MPa for (100 - x)%-[0.4 M LiTFSI-SN]: x%-PAN samples. The electrochemical voltage window for composites was approximately 5 V (Li/Li+). Excellent galvanostatic charge/discharge cycling performance was obtained with composite electrolytes in Li|LiFePO4 cells without any separator.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Solid composite electrolytes;Plastic crystals;Ionic conductivity;Mechanical property;Rechargeable lithium battery.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2009 04:10
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/18180

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